Table of Contents

Comment Icon0 Twenty years after the Tiananmen Square incident, China emerged as a new economic power with its own distinct political form. While the Communist regime has been able to resist democratic transformation expected by the Western nations, several significant social and political developments were already in play for creating greater political openness.

Comment Icon0 As a communist nation that now boasts of more millionaires than France (Merrill Lynch & Capgemini, 2008), China evidently struggles to accommodate their traditional socialist roots, while liberalizing towards a capitalist globalized economy. Within this distinctive milieu, the Chinese Communist Party operates one of the most politically omnipresent and technologically sophisticated systems of Internet regulation in the world. In dealing with the potential threat of Internet use by dissidents and other anti-regime activities, Beijing’s early approach had largely been based on the state’s Leninist roots in organizational management. In essence, these refer to the non-technological solutions employed by the Chinese authorities, including the practice of surveillance of informant, arrests and seizures of Internet dissidents, declaration of Internet regulations, and the constant presence of authority. These practices form the legal, economic and social norms of Lessig’s regulatory “pathetic dot”.

Chapter 5.2.0 – Forms of Control: Laws, Markets and Norms

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